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参赛须知:PSA认证组别说明

 时间:2013年05月09日 来源:本站原创  

画意组(PID):

所谓画意摄影,从广义上讲,是包含了除新闻、纪实摄影题材之外各种艺术摄影门类的一种摄影风格。画意摄影是一种对摄影者主观意识中完美境界的苛求表现。摄影者为了表达自己主观意识中的完美境界,在拍摄前期可以通过各种手段调动画面中的各种元素(安排模特表演、指导模特站位等),在拍摄完成后亦可进行一定的后期加工。这些在画意摄影中都是允许的。国内广为人知的沙龙摄影其实与画意摄影有着密切的联系。

2013年1月1日起,PSA认证国际摄影大赛使用新的认证组别PID,取代了原来的CPID和EID组。PID下设COLOR和Monochrome两个小类。其中PID Monochrome只接收黑白(单色)照片。

黑白(单色)(Monochrome)组:单色图像定义为具有不超过一种颜色,但可具有不同色调(该颜色的色调可以从很轻到非常暗),它可能是任何单一的颜色。单色组不接受以下类型的照片:多色调的图像(深浅不一的两种或两种以上的颜色)和添加了加重颜色的灰度图像,这类作品必须参加彩色组别。

旅游组(PTD):

旅游摄影必须能体现出时间与地点,当地地貌,当地住民,或者在自然状态中的当地文化。旅游照片没有地域限制。如使用过度的特写镜头使被摄体丧失可辨识性或聘用影棚模特拍摄是不被接受的。除对图片可做稍加剪裁外,绝不允许通过任何后期技术添加、重置、替换或去除任何原始图片中的任何元素。允许采用技术加强照片效果,而不改变照片内容。所有调整必须力求接近自然。但为了制作黑白照片,对原片的颜色进行移除或修改是允许的。

自然组(ND):

自然摄影就是运用摄影技法,以一种令观赏者容易辨识的方式忠实展现自然历史中的所有分支物种,但所谓的自然史范畴不包括人类和考古题材。一张图片的故事性与内容性在评审中比重将大大超过该图片本身的技术质量。除非图片中的人文元素可以增强自然主题的故事性,否则应尽量避免出现人文元素。允许在野生动物身上出现雷达项圈、科研标签等。如作品中有人工杂交培育的植物或动物、安装好的标本、明显的摆拍、以及对原作进行任何形式的篡改均视为不合格作品。除剪裁图片外,通过后期技术添加、挪移、替换或去除任何原始图片中的元素,均不允许。但允许不改变图片本身的故事内容及画面元素,仅通过技术增强图片画面的表现形式。所有调整必须力求接近自然原貌。但为了制作黑白照片,对原片的颜色进行移除或修改是允许的。

所有的图片用于PSA自然类竞赛与PSA大赛认可的野生动物图片,必须满足上述定义以及对自然野生动物摄影定义如下:

野生生物组(wildlife)是指拍摄内容为独自或群体自由生活在自然栖息地里的生物。因此,风景、动物园、饲养场、或任何生活在可控制条件下的生命均不在野生生物定义之列。野生生物主题不限鸟类和哺乳动物,昆虫、爬行动物、两栖类动物、海洋生物以及各类植物,只要他们不是被人类所养殖控制的,均在野生生物范畴。被摄主体必须为单一或多个生命体。

新闻纪实组(PJD):

纪实摄影参赛作品应当由包含信息内容、情绪影响、人文情趣、纪实性和新闻性的图片或系列图片组成。在纪实摄影中,对图片的新闻价值的考量将超过图片形式与画面的质量。所有歪曲事实、篡改主旨或为求影像效果搭设场景作品均不能成为纪实摄影。除对图片可做稍加剪裁、调尺寸、调亮、调暗和原始色彩的恢复外,绝不允许通过任何后期技术添加、组合、替换或去除任何原始图片中的任何元素。不允许非自然的锐化或特殊效果过滤。彩色照片可转换为黑白照片。

组别定义原文:

Projected Images(PID)definition:

A projected Images photography broadly defined, is included in addition to news, documentary photography theme of art photography categories of a photographic style. Projected Images photography is asubjectiveawarenessofthephotographerperfection.

Photographers in order to express their own subjective awareness of the perfect state, in the shooting early can mobilize the various elements of the picture through various means (arrangement model performance, model stations etc.), are also subject tocertainpost-processing after shooting. Theseareallowedinprojected Images photography. In fact ,domesticwell-knownsalonPhotography has closely related topictorial photography.

In January 1, 2013, PSA certification of international photography exhibition with the new certification groups PID, CPID and EID groups instead of the original. PID consists of COLOR and Monochrome two type. The PID Monochrome receive only black and white photos (Monochrome).

PID Monochrome definition:

A monochrome image is defined as having varying shades of no more than one color (various shades of that color from very light to very dark) but it may be any single color. Multi-toned images (various shades of two or more colors) and greyscale images with added an accent color are not acceptable in Monochrome Class sections and must be entered in Color Class sections.

Photo Travel(PTD)definition:

A Photo Travel image must express the feeling of a time and place and portray a land, its distinctive features or culture in its natural state. There are no geographical limitations. Close up pictures of people or objects must include distinguishable environment. Techniques that add to, relocate, replace or remove any element of the original image, except by cropping, are not permitted. All adjustments must appear natural. Conversion to full monochrome is acceptable. Derivations, including infrared, are unacceptable.

Nature (ND)definition:

All images used in PSA Nature Division competitions and PSA-recognized Exhibitions must meet the PSA Nature Definition of Nature Photography as follows:

Nature photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict observations from all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archeology, in such a fashion that a well informed person will be able to identify the subject material and to certify as to its honest presentation. The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality while maintaining high technical quality. Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements enhance the nature story. The presence of scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals is permissible. Photographs of artificially produced hybrid plants or animals, mounted specimens, or obviously set arrangements, are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement. No techniques that add to, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted. Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the pictorial content are permitted. All adjustments must appear natural. Color images may be converted to grayscale monochrome. Infrared images are not allowed.

Note: Wildlife images may be entered in Open Sections of Nature International Exhibitions. Images that do not have living organisms as the primary subject matter or images taken with the subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, botanical gardens or setups may be entered in Open Sections, but may not be entered in Wildlife Sections. Insects, marine subjects, and botanical subjects taken in the field are suitable wildlife subjects. Wildlife subjects are not limited to animals or birds.

Photo Journalism(PJD)definition:

Photojournalism images shall consist of pictures or sequences with informative content and emotional impact, including human interest, documentary and spot news. The journalistic value of the photograph shall be considered over pictorial quality. In the interest of credibility, photographs which misrepresent the truth, such as manipulation to alter the subject matter, or situations which are set up for the purpose of photography, are unacceptable in Photojournalism. Human Interest images depict a person or persons in an interactive, emotional, or unusual situation, excluding sports action.

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 相关信息:《PSA认证国际摄影展参赛问答》 

 
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